Bone is the scaffolding supporting the body against the forces of gravity and resisting the pull of the muscles to allow movement. Osteoporosis means ‘porous bones’. Bones are made of a thick outer shell and a strong inner mesh, the inside looks like a honeycomb, with blood vessels and bone barrow in the spaces between struts of bone. Osteoporosis means some of these struts become thin or break and the bone becomes porous and fragile. It often remains undetected until the time of a first fracture.
Risk Factors for Osteoporosis
Women – A lack of oestrogen caused by:
- Early menopause or hysterectomy (before age of 45)
- Missing periods for 6 months of more (excluding pregnancy) as a result of over exercising or over dieting.